OUTER SPACE DEBUNKED

YOU CANT HAVE GAS PRESSURE WITHOUT A CONTAINER

At ground level, we are breathing approximately 14.7 psi of pressure. There is no way that the sky can be an available volume for gas to fill, and us having gas pressure to breathe at the same time. That is a contradiction and cannot be scientifically validated.

Pressure is a force that is exerted when gas molecules collide with each other and the walls of the container. P = F / A is the formula for gas pressure.

Pressure is defined as FORCE per unit AREA. It is usually more convenient to use pressure RATHER than FORCE to describe the influences upon fluid behavior

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/press.html

Definition of area

1: the SURFACE included within a set of lines

specifically : the number of unit squares equal in measure to the SURFACE.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/area

ENTROPY OR THE 2nd LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

Expansion of a GAS into a vacuum.

“At any pressure, ideal GASES will spontaneously flow into an evacuated chamber, spreading the energy of their molecular motions over the final larger volume without any change in temperature”.

Start @ 8:05 (Nobel Laureate) … Professor George Porter (Nobel Prize Physics)

“The second law of thermodynamics ( THE ENTROPY LAW or LAW OF ENTROPY ) was formulated in the middle of the last century by Clausius and Thomson…” http://www.entropylaw.com/entropy2ndlaw.html

“GAS expansion into a vacuum, mixing of ideal gases or liquids, diffusion, effusion, colligative effects, and osmosis each fundamentally involves an INCREASE IN ENTROPY due to increased dispersion of energy (with no change in total energy in the case of ideal substances) due to a greater number of microstates for the particular system involved.

– Occidental College, Science Dept.

“http://entropysite.oxy.edu/entropy_is_simple/

GASSES MOVE EVERYWHERE, NOT JUST DOWN

Most people who try to prove the globe will say that gas molecules move down when that is absolutely not true. Gas molecules move everywhere freely with no net loss of kinetic energy from the collisions with each other and the walls of the container.

“Gas particles are constantly colliding with each other and the walls of their container. These collisions are elastic; that is, there is NO NET LOSS OF ENERGY from the collisions.”

https://opentextbc.ca/introductorychemistry/chapter/kinetic-molecular-theory-of-gases-2/

Gases are made up of particles (e.g. atoms or molecules). The size of these particles is very small compared to the distance between the particles. These particles are constantly moving because they have kinetic ENERGY.

https://www.siyavula.com/read/science/grade-11/ideal-gases/07-ideal-gases-01

THE ATMOSPHERE IS MADE UP OF GASSES

Globe believers want to say that the gasses we breathe are different from that in a laboratory. Gasses start at ground level and work their way up to the container. Our earth is a dynamic system much like a terrarium. If the sky were a vacuum, we would not have any gasses at all. The gasses on earth would immediately fill the entire outer space leaving us with nothing to breathe.

“Fortunately, at the conditions of temperature and pressure that are normally encountered in a laboratory, real gases tend to behave very much like ideal gases.”

– Chemistry LibreTexts

https://chem.libretexts.org/

CITATION

WHY IS IT CALLED THE ATMOSPHERE IF WE ARE NOT ON A SPHERE?

What does atmo- mean? Atmo- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “air.” It is often used in scientific terms, especially in meteorology. Atmo- comes from the Greek atmós, meaning “smoke” or “vapor.”

– Dictionary.com

Sphere? That’s just a begging the question fallacy. It should be called the atmocontainer because gasses don’t have shape…

“Gases do NOT have a constant volume or SHAPE; they not only take the shape of the CONTAINER they are in, they try to fill the entire CONTAINER.”

– Lumen Learning

CITATION

GASSES TRY TO FILL THE CONTAINER THEY ARE IN

In addition to solids and liquids, gases are also a physical state in which matter can occur. All gases have weight. Unlike solids and liquids, gases will occupy the entire CONTAINER that encloses them.

– Victoria State Government Education & Training

CITATION

BUT ISN’T GRAVITY THE CONTAINER?

The answer is NO.

Newtonian gravity was replaced by Einsteins gravity and gravity is simply a math model. Gravity is “the bending of spacetime”. What’s spacetime?

“In physics, spacetime is any mathematical model..” – Wiki

So no, gravity is not a surface, area or object for gas particles to fill or bounce off. It’s just a math model.

GRAVITY DEBUNKED

Gas Laws & Entropy
(Natural Laws That CANNOT Be Violated)

“…There are no known violations of the second law of thermodynamics. Ordinarily the SECOND LAW is stated for isolated systems, but the SECOND LAW APPLIES EQUALLY WELL TO OPEN SYSTEMS … there is somehow associated with the field of far-from equilibrium phenomena the notion that the second law of thermodynamics fails for such systems. It is important to make sure that this ERROR does not perpetuate itself.”

Dr. John Ross, Harvard Scientist. Letter to the Editor, Chemical and Engineering News (July 7, 1980), p.40.

 

 

“GAS expansion into a VACUUM, mixing of ideal gases or liquids, diffusion, effusion, colligative effects, and osmosis each fundamentally involves an INCREASE IN ENTROPY due to increased dispersion of energy (with no change in total energy in the case of ideal substances) due to a greater number of microstates for the particular system involved.

http://entropysite.oxy.edu/entropy_is_simple/

“At any pressure, ideal GASES will spontaneously flow into an evacuated chamber, spreading the energy of their molecular motions over the final larger volume without any change in temperature”.

Start @ 8:05 (Nobel Laureate) … Professor George Porter (Nobel Prize Physics)

Expansion of a GAS into a vacuum.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lj5tqM5GZnQ&list=LLEBXm-WGXMca39E9kSmbZmg&index=7&t=485s

Gases do NOT have a constant volume or SHAPE; they not only take the shape of the CONTAINER they are in, they try to fill the entire CONTAINER.

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-physics/chapter/introduction-5/#:~:text=Gases%20do%20not%20have%20a,which%20can%20move%20around%20freely.

In addition to solids and liquids, gases are also a physical state in which matter can occur. All gases have weight. Unlike solids and liquids, gases will occupy the entire CONTAINER that encloses them.

https://www.education.vic.gov.au/school/teachers/teachingresources/discipline/science/continuum/Pages/gasmatter.aspx#:~:text=In%20addition%20to%20solids%20and,entire%20container%20that%20encloses%20them.

 

Pressure is defined as FORCE per unit AREA. It is usually more convenient to use pressure RATHER than FORCE to describe the influences upon fluid behavior

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/press.html

Pressure Formula. Pressure is a force per unit area that acts on an object. It can be expressed simply as P = F/A, where F is a force, and A is the area it acts on.

Definition of area

1: the SURFACE included within a set of lines

specifically : the number of unit squares equal in measure to the SURFACE.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/area

 

 

Why do we have a pressure gradient (a difference in pressure)?

Boyle’s law describes the relationship between volume and pressure. A gas is at lower pressure in a larger volume because the gas molecules have more space to in which to move. The same quantity of gas in a smaller volume results in gas molecules crowding together, producing increased pressure.

https://courses.lumenlearning.com/cuny-kbcc-ap2/chapter/the-process-of-breathing-no-content/#:~:text=Boyle’s%20law%20describes%20the%20relationship%20between%20volume%20and%20pressure.,crowding%20together%2C%20producing%20increased%20pressure.

“Earth’s atmosphere is 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 0.9% argon, and 0.03% carbon dioxide with very small percentages of other elements. Our atmosphere also contains water vapor. In addition, Earth’s atmosphere contains traces of dust particles, pollen, plant grains and other solid particles.” – Caltech University

https://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/64-What-is-the-atmosphere-of-Earth-made-of-

Atmospheric PRESSURE:

“Normal atmospheric pressure at sea level is 14.7 pounds per square inch – University of Arizona

http://www.atmo.arizona.edu/students/courselinks/fall10/nats101s12/ritchie/pressure_notes.html

Where does the atmosphere start?

“These are the layers of the atmosphere, starting from the ground: Troposphere – Starts at the ground.”

– Wiki

The pressure a gas exerts comes from the motion of its molecules. Gas molecules move about freely, bouncing off container walls and one another. When the molecules bounce off an obstacle, they transfer a small amount of force. The change in direction due to the obstacle results in a change in momentum that pushes on the obstacle.

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https://sciencing.com/what-causes-gas-pressure-13710256.html

 

Do gasses behave like ideal gasses? Yes!

Fortunately, at the conditions of temperature and pressure that are normally encountered in a laboratory, real gases tend to behave very much like ideal gases.
https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Introductory_Chemistry/Book%3A_Introductory_Chemistry_(CK-12)/14%3A_The_Behavior_of_Gases/14.11%3A_Real_and_Ideal_Gases#Real_and_Ideal_Gases

 

So…. How do you have a *GAS PRESSURE* (Atmospheric Pressure) *WITHOUT* a Container….”TO BEGIN WITH” ?? When…

“The *”PRESSURE OF A GAS“* is the force that the gas exerts on the *WALLS OF ITS CONTAINER* “.
You CAN’T HAVE Gas Pressure in an “Open-System”, ‘duh’.

SO…Basically, please explain how you can have a “Tire Pressure”…

*WITHOUT THE TIRE !!!*

 

1. How can you have a Vacuum (Outer-Space) attached to a Non-Vacuum (Earth) *WITHOUT* a Physical Barrier in the same system simultaneously, without Bludgeoning to a Bloody Pulp… the Laws of Entropy (2nd law of thermodynamics) ??

a. In other words, How are you still Breathing and adhering to your fairytale religion… BOTH, at the same time??
b. Then, Define the Law of Non-Contradiction…?
c. Then, please list each fairytale associated with “Outer-Space” that gets taken out back to the Woodshed and Bludgeoned Senseless as a result of the fairytale “Vacuum of Space” VAPORIZING….?

2. And, This is kinda fun…How in the World did the Earth Form an Atmosphere at all… *”IN A VACUUM”* ?? From a big bang ??

Have you ever heard: *”Nature Abhors a Vacuum”*, by chance ? Why is that…?

ps. “If your theory is found to be AGAINST the *SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS*, I can give you no hope; there is nothing for [your theory] but to
*COLLAPSE IN THE DEEPEST HUMILIATION* .”
Arthur S. Eddington, The Nature of the Physical World (1930), p. 74.
Brain Dead Ballers: “But We Have Gas Pressure Gradients !!:

Why do Spinning Space Monkeys™ continue to *”Wholesale Dodge“* :laugh_point: , the very simple question to SUPPORT their Fairytale Religion ? …


This is the Question:
*”How do you have Gas Pressure WITHOUT a Container ??“*
The Rhodes Scholar’s: “Why isn’t there a Container between Mt. Everest and Sea Level debacle??:fly:

The brain surgeons actually think this ^^^^^^^^^^^^ ‘Triple your Pleasure’ Fallacy is a Reasoned Response to the question.
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I’ll break out the Crayons, WHICH COMES FIRST
1. “GAS PRESSURE”. (“X“)
or
2. “GAS PRESSURE GRADIENTS”. (“Delta-X“)
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There CAN’T BE a Delta-X“ before there’s an “X“.
In other words Krijtjes Vreters, BEFORE #2 : *#1 MUST FRIGGIN EXIST !!!!*
Sooooo AGAIN !!! …
*”How do you have Gas Pressure WITHOUT a Container ??”*
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Brain Dead Ballers: “Can you show us the Container ??” And/Or … “What is the Container made of ??”
Never anticipated those Rigorous Intellectual Questions, are they GOTCHA’S ??? ??‍♂️

Necessary Antecedent >>>>> Consequent:

It’s quite simple:

The Consequent (Gas Pressure).
Necessary Antecedent (Container).

Just like…

The Consequent (Filet Mignon).
Necessary Antecedent (Cow).
Ya see, if it’s already clearly established (FACTUAL) that to have Filet Mignon — Cows MUST EXIST:
THEN…
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If someone slaps a Filet Mignon down on the Dinner Table, then I know with *ABSOLUTE CERTAINTY* that a Cow MUST EXIST without ever seeing or needing to see a Cow… or ‘data’ for a Cow.
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i.e., Gas/Air Pressure (Filet Mignon) the Container (Cow).
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I know it’s difficult for BallTARD Spinning Space Monkeys™ (and their ilk) to process this, have one of your Slobber Nurses explain it to you.
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Baller’s Claim: The Earth is a Container-Less (Open) Pressurized System.

Baller’s EVIDENCE: Walk Outside.

^^^^^^ *The Elmer Fudd Circle Jerk of The Millennium !!!!*

Mr. Magoo is Blushing.
Tantamount to:
Claim: The Wind is Generated by Black Holes Interacting with Dark Energy.
EVIDENCE: Walk Outside.
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Gas Behavior:

“Particles in a gas vibrate and move freely at high speeds.”

Chemistry Department, Purdue University
https://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/liquids/character.html

.

“The atoms and molecules in GASES are much more spread out than in solids or liquids.

They vibrate and move freely at high speeds. A GAS WILL FILL ANY *CONTAINER*, but IF THE CONTAINER
IS NOT SEALED, *THE GAS WILL ESCAPE*.
‘duh’
.
Allow me to define WILL for the Window Lickin Knuckledraggers…
“WILL” (Modal Verb): Expressing the FUTURE TENSE !!
What’s the Next Definition… “RUN” ?? YA BOZOS !! OK…
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Run: move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time.
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Gas Pressure
“The *“PRESSURE OF A GAS”* is the force that the gas exerts on the *WALLS OF ITS CONTAINER“*.
‘duh’
.
“Kinetic Molecular Theory Explanation of *Boyle’s [GAS] Law*

“Observations about pressure may be explained using the following ideas. The rapid motion and collisions of molecules with the **WALLS OF THE CONTAINER “CAUSES” PRESSURE** (force on a unit area). Pressure is proportional to the number of molecular collisions and the force of the collisions in a particular area. The more collisions of GAS MOLECULES with THE WALLS, the higher the PRESSURE
.” http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/180pressure.html

*’duh’*
.
NASA’s Take on Gas Pressure…
“The molecules are in constant, random motion and frequently collide with each other and with the

*WALLS OF A CONTAINER*. Because the molecules are in motion, a GAS will expand to fill the *CONTAINER*. Since density is defined to be the mass divided by the volume, density DEPENDS DIRECTLY on the size of the *CONTAINER* in which a fixed mass of GAS is confined.”

‘duh’
.
“Pressure is ‘CAUSED’ by Gas Molecules hitting the WALLS OF THE CONTAINER. With a smaller VOLUME, the Gas Molecules will hit THE WALLS more frequently, and so the PRESSURE INCREASES.
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So the Necessary Antecedents that *“CAUSE“* Gas Pressure are:
1. The rapid motion and collisions of molecules. (Collisions with what ?? :brightidea: ) …
2. The WALLS OF THE CONTAINER.
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This is quite Elementary: Take either #1 or #2 away…and you DON’T HAVE GAS PRESSURE. simple

No amount of Linguistic or Mathematical Acrobatics will change it.

btw: ( NEWSFLASH !!!: You CAN’T have VOLUME without a Container. )

.SO Say “Bub Bye Now“ to your BallTARD Spinning Space Monkey Religion.

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Spinning Space Monkeys
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“Boyle’s law, sometimes referred to as the Boyle–Mariotte law, or Mariotte’s law (especially in France), is an experimental gas law that describes how the PRESSURE OF A GAS tends to increase as the *VOLUME OF THE CONTAINER* decreases.

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“Boyle’s law or the *PRESSURE – VOLUME LAW* [] states that the VOLUME of a given amount of gas held at constant temperature varies inversely with the applied pressure when the temperature and mass are constant …
V ∝ 1/P

*V* is proportional to the inverse of P.”

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Question: How can you have *VOLUME* WITHOUT a CONTAINER ??

*VOLUME* is the quantity of three-dimensional space *ENCLOSED by a CLOSED SURFACE*, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or *CONTAINS*.[1] *VOLUME* is often quantified numerically using the SI derived unit, the cubic metre. The *VOLUME* of a *CONTAINER* is generally understood to be the capacity of the *CONTAINER* ; i.e., the amount of fluid (gas or liquid) that the *CONTAINER* could hold, rather than the amount of space the *CONTAINER* itself displaces.

Say “Bub Bye Now“ to your BallTARD Spinning Space Monkey Religion.